Cut Pile is manufactured by looped carpet fibres being cut at the top to create a textured cut pile with yarn bundles standing straight. Pre-shearing cut pile numerous times creates a luxurious appearance and feel and makes it less resistant to flattening down.
Saxony carpet consists of two or more fibres tightly twisted together in a yarn. These cut piles are texture heatset straight for medium durability. Saxonies have a soft texture and, in spite of showing footprints and vacuum cleaner marks, are a popular residential carpet.
Textured Saxonies are tightly twisted fibres heatset for medium durability. These carpets have a multi-coloured look which disguises footprints and tracks. The soft feel makes them suitable for informal areas such as family rooms and bedrooms.
Velvet/Plush is a lightly twisted carpet which is softer and more level than a saxony. Although there is a luxurious appearance, this carpet has a uniform colour and will show every footprint and vacuum cleaner mark.
Cut and loop pile is a combination of cut and looped fibers at different levels. These carpets have a variety of surface textures or sculptured effects for medium durability and are available in solid or multiple colours. The different levels in this type of carpet hide dirt and footprints.
Level loop pile carpet is manufactured by weaving even loops of yarn into the carpet backing at both ends. The higher loops create a more luxurious appearance and the level loops, which are short and densely packed, prevent dirt from filtering into the carpet making it easier to vacuum. This carpet is very durable and is ideal for high traffic areas as the strong loops make it track resistant.
Multi-level loop pile is like a level loop pile except the loops are smaller and vary two to three different heights giving it a random texture appearance. This carpet is great for high traffic areas.
Berber carpet normally has thicker yarns than other level loop pile carpets. This type of carpet is highly durable and limits footprints and vacuum tracks. Although the loops can retain dirt and may be damaged from snags, berber carpet is increasing in popularity more than any other type of carpet. Some berber carpets are manufactured using a “zipperlock” technology. This process staggers the fibres in a special crossover pattern to prevent them from unraveling and zippering.
Frieze is a highly twisted carpet with short fibres. These fibres tend to curl in different directions at the surface to hide footprints and vacuum marks. This carpet is suited for high traffic and informal areas.